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Why You Should Report A Minor Accident To Your Insurance Company

When people are involved in a minor car accident, they think it is not worth reporting to their insurance company. Since little damage occurred and nobody got hurt, most people feel it would be a waste of time. However, that is not the case at all. In many instances, what starts out as an agreement between both drivers to handle the situation themselves evolves into a dispute involving insurance companies and courts. Consult with an experienced Auto Accident Attorney to discuss your case and know why it is important to accident to your insurance company. If you wonder why you should report a minor accident to your insurance company, here are some reasons to do so.

Failure to Receive Compensation

Many times in minor accidents, the driver who hit your vehicle says they will compensate you for your vehicle's damage. However, once they leave the scene, they are under no legal obligation to do anything to help you. Since nothing exists between you but an oral agreement, it becomes your word versus that of the other driver. Once this happens, you will need to seek out the services of a car accident attorney to have any hope of getting compensated.

Other Driver Informing Their Insurance Company

In some situations, the other driver may change their mind and inform their insurance company of the accident. If you have not done the same with your insurer, problems may ensue, including:

  • Driver lying about extent of damage to their vehicle
  • Driver lying about being injured in the accident
  • Driver making it appear as if you were trying to cover up the accident

If these things happen without your knowledge, your insurance company may be forced to make a substantial payment to the driver. To make sure you are not blindsided in these situations, always report the accident to your insurance company and consult an auto accident lawyer for advice.

Lawsuit Filed Against You

If you do not report the accident to your insurance company and later discover it had to pay out a claim to the other driver, chances are you may be facing a lawsuit filed against you by your own insurance company. In these cases, the court may rule you are obligated to pay the remainder of damages to the other driver after your insurance company has reached the limits of your policy's coverage. Rather than let this happen, speak with an accident injury lawyer to determine the best course of action.

Avoid Premium Increases

By reporting your accident to your insurance company, you may be able to avoid premium increases. By letting them know the accident was minor and explaining what happened, you eliminate the chance the other driver will have to manipulate the accident into a version that never happened. Thus, your insurance company will likely not raise your rates, especially if you have a safe driving record.

Since these situations can spiral out of control very quickly, always report the accident to your insurance company as quickly as possible. If problems develop, do not hesitate to contact a knowledgeable and experienced car accident attorney to discuss your case in greater detail.

Why You Should Report A Minor Accident To Your Insurance Company

When people are involved in a minor car accident, they think it is not worth reporting to their insurance company. Since little damage occurred and nobody got hurt, most people feel it would be a waste of time. However, that is not the case at all. In many instances, what starts out as an agreement between both drivers to handle the situation themselves evolves into a dispute involving insurance companies and courts. Consult with an experienced Auto Accident Attorney to discuss your case and know why it is important to accident to your insurance company. If you wonder why you should report a minor accident to your insurance company, here are some reasons to do so.

Failure to Receive Compensation

Many times in minor accidents, the driver who hit your vehicle says they will compensate you for your vehicle's damage. However, once they leave the scene, they are under no legal obligation to do anything to help you. Since nothing exists between you but an oral agreement, it becomes your word versus that of the other driver. Once this happens, you will need to seek out the services of a car accident attorney to have any hope of getting compensated.

Other Driver Informing Their Insurance Company

In some situations, the other driver may change their mind and inform their insurance company of the accident. If you have not done the same with your insurer, problems may ensue, including:

  • Driver lying about extent of damage to their vehicle
  • Driver lying about being injured in the accident
  • Driver making it appear as if you were trying to cover up the accident

If these things happen without your knowledge, your insurance company may be forced to make a substantial payment to the driver. To make sure you are not blindsided in these situations, always report the accident to your insurance company and consult an auto accident lawyer for advice.

Lawsuit Filed Against You

If you do not report the accident to your insurance company and later discover it had to pay out a claim to the other driver, chances are you may be facing a lawsuit filed against you by your own insurance company. In these cases, the court may rule you are obligated to pay the remainder of damages to the other driver after your insurance company has reached the limits of your policy's coverage. Rather than let this happen, speak with an accident injury lawyer to determine the best course of action.

Avoid Premium Increases

By reporting your accident to your insurance company, you may be able to avoid premium increases. By letting them know the accident was minor and explaining what happened, you eliminate the chance the other driver will have to manipulate the accident into a version that never happened. Thus, your insurance company will likely not raise your rates, especially if you have a safe driving record.

Since these situations can spiral out of control very quickly, always report the accident to your insurance company as quickly as possible. If problems develop, do not hesitate to contact a knowledgeable and experienced car accident attorney to discuss your case in greater detail.

What Does Cognitive Brain Rehabilitation Entail?

A traumatic brain injury may result from internal factors or external factors. External factors are commonly due to car accidents and falls but may also be caused by any type of physical trauma to the head. Internal factors result from stroke or aneurysms causing bleeding on the brain. Illnesses and diseases are another cause.

These types of injury can result in mild to significant loss or impaired cognitive function. Impaired cognitive function may include the following:

- Short and long-term memory loss. - Inability to focus and concentrate and decreased attention span. - Difficulty with or loss of language resulting in impaired communication. - Loss of or impaired fine and gross motor coordination and skills. - Changes in personality and behaviour. - Impairment of visual or audio stimuli. - Impeded visual spacial conceptualization. - Poor judgement. - Difficulty executing tasks.

Rehabilitation to restore cognitive brain function often entails the retraining of the brain to relearn certain lost or impaired functions. In cases where brain tissue has been destroyed, other areas of the brain can assume these functions under rehabilitation. The focus of rehabilitation is to improve the quality of life and ability to perform basic daily tasks.

This results in two major approaches to cognitive rehabilitation therapy:

1. Restorative Approach

This therapeutic treatment aims to restore impairment that was a result of a traumatic brain injury. The process often involves repetition of certain actions, cognitive tests and behaviours in order for the brain to relearn how to interpret and then process information. The tests increase in difficulty in order to challenge the brain to restore specific areas of function such as speech and language or memory and concentration. The restorative approach may involve integrated therapy from occupational therapists, speech and language therapists, neuropsychologists as well as physical therapists.

2. Compensatory Approach

The compensatory approach teaches the brain alternative means to interpret and process information and different ways to function and cope with the traumatic brain injury. For example, where brain injury has resulted in significant impairment of memory, the use of alarms or calendars as reminders are taught as a coping mechanism to improve a patient's ability to function in daily life.

Pharmacotherapy, which is the use of drugs or medication, may also be integrated into a programme to treat traumatic brain injuries that have resulted in cognitive impairment. The integrated approach means that the pharmaceuticals are used in conjunction with the restorative and compensatory approaches and are less effective if used as a stand-alone therapy. Integration of various diverse approaches to cognitive rehabilitation are the most effective.

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The Importance Of Lawyers To Challenge Medical Complaints

If you are facing an investigation by the General Medical Council or GMC, it is important that you work with a qualified and experienced GMC-complaint investigation lawyer at the outset. There are important tactical decisions that should be made at the outset of such an investigation in order to protect your professional interests. A specialist GMC lawyer will advise the doctor under such circumstances and assist him/her in preparing the formal responses - both at the beginning as well as "Rule 7" stage. That way you can settle your case at the investigation stage itself and prevent the case from being referred to a fitness to practise hearing. That is why you need to hire a highly specialised and experience GMC investigation lawyer for your case. Here is why you need to hire the best GMC-complaint investigation lawyer in the United Kingdom.

An experienced GMC lawyer will defend doctors facing fitness to practise investigations by the GMC. You may have been asked to submit a written response to a complaint or been summoned to a hearing before the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS). Either way, an experienced GMC lawyer can assist you through what could have been a daunting process. It is very important that you contact the lawyer at the earliest stage in the process. Your initial response to the complaint will shape the remainder of the investigation. An experienced GMC lawyer can help you draft the response in such a way that it will bring the GMC investigation to an early conclusion. This will help avoid hearing the case before the Medical Practitioners Tribunal (MPT). This is known as the "Rule 7" or Case Examiner Response.

Most of the time, the doctor will be asked to appear before an Interim Orders Tribunal (IOT) at the early stage of a GMC investigation. This hearing will determine whether or not certain restrictions should be imposed on the doctor's registration while the investigation is going on. If imposed, such restrictions will have a devastating impact on the healthcare provider's ability to work. That is why you need to be properly represented at such a hearing. A professional GMC lawyer is the best bet under such circumstances. They will help you achieve positive outcomes at IOT hearings. That is why you should work with a qualified and experienced GMC-complaint investigation lawyer at all times.

The above article offers information on the importance of GMC complaint investigation lawyers. Read here for further advice on how to get started as soon as possible.

Important Steps To Take If Your Child Was Injured In A School Bus Accident

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, riding in a school bus is seven times safer than going down the road in a car or truck. However, despite their high levels of safety, school buses are involved in numerous accidents each year. As a result, many children sustain serious injuries, sometimes never fully recovering physically or emotionally. When this happens, it's crucial to speak with an experienced bus accident attorney who is specialized in handling these complex cases. Attorneys at the Law Offices of Samer Habbas have extensive experience in handling bus accident injury cases. If your child has sustained injuries due to a school bus accident, here are some important steps you should take.

Have Your Child Medically Evaluated

Even if your child did not sustain life-threatening injuries, it's still important to have them medically evaluated after the accident. By doing so, you will not only ensure your child has no underlying injuries that went undetected initially, but you will also have medical documentation of any injuries sustained, and how they came about as a result of the accident.

Keep Accident-Related Information

When your child is involved in an accident while riding a school bus, your school district will send you information about the accident. When they do, never lose it or throw it away. Instead, file it away for future reference, since it could contain details that could prove crucial if you pursue legal action.

Talk to Other Parents

If possible, speak with the parents of other children involved in the accident. In many cases, it's possible they may have witnessed the accident, or know someone who was a witness to the accident. If you do locate any eyewitnesses, try to obtain their contact information, and forward this to your attorney as soon as possible so they can be interviewed.

Document Your Child's Progress

If you choose to pursue legal action regarding the accident, always make sure you carefully document your child's healing process. Along with documenting their physical struggles, be sure to make note of any emotional or psychological problems related to the accident, such as nightmares, insomnia, anxiety, and depression. And if your child was involved in activities they can no longer do, such as sports, music lessons, or other activities, also document this, as it may be critical in determining the compensation you may be granted by a court. To make sure you have the necessary information and evidence, not only should you keep detailed notes, but also take photos or videos if possible.

Contact an Attorney

If your child is suffering from physical and emotional injuries as the result of a school bus accident, contact an attorney skilled in handling these cases as soon as possible. By doing so, you may be able to receive compensation for medical bills, pain and suffering, and other issues related to the accident. Rather than suffer alone and fail to make those responsible for your child's injuries be held accountable, work with an experienced school bus accident attorney. By doing so, you'll take the first step toward receiving the full and fair compensation you and your child deserve.

What Is A Certified Pharmacy Technician?

Huge transformations are taking place in the pharmacy tech industry. More challenging and complex roles are being added to the job description of technicians, as their bosses the pharmacists - take on greater responsibilities in the field of patient care.

This calls for hiring a more qualified tech workforce. Acquiring certification from the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) might soon be part of the minimum requirement for employment.

Currently employed technicians are also required to pass the certification exam given by the board. Certification regulations vary from state to state.

What Is a Certified Pharmacy Technician?

A certified pharmacy technician is an individual who has met all requirements of a credentialing agency and passed the exam given by the agency to obtain certification. A licensed pharmacy technician, on the other hand, is one who has met all requirements set by the state for him to be able to practice professionally.

National Examinations for Certification

There are two national examinations given. One is the PTCE (Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam) given by the PTCB and the other is the ExCPT given by the ICPT (Institute for the Certification of Pharmacy Technicians).

The Two Exams Compared

A court ruling made in 2008 upheld that the two exams should be considered as equals. The ICPT and the PTCB are both accredited by the authorities. The exams have similar content and the degree of difficulty is the same. Fees dont differ much, with the ExCPT charging $105 and the PTCE $129.

State by State Recognition

Though the exams are taken as equals in the legal sense, potential employers favor one over the other. In certain states, the ExCPT is still unrecognized, although there are states where certification from either of the two agencies is not required.

States that require certification are the states of Wyoming, Washington, Virginia, Utah, South Carolina, Texas, New Mexico, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Montana, Iowa, Louisiana, Idaho, Illinois and Arizona. Only Arizona, Wyoming, Texas and Louisiana dont accept certification other than the PTCB. All other states recognize both.

Different employers have different preferences. Employers of large businesses think that the PTCE has a higher level of difficulty and that it includes more math and drug questions. However, some people believe that one should choose to take and pass the ExCPT if they want to have a career working in commercial pharmacies such as WalMart, CVS, Walgreens and Rite Aid.

Choosing which exam to take might require that you call the company you intend to work for and ask for their certification requirements.

Eligibility to Take the Certification Exam

The following criteria may be required:

* Candidate is at least 18 yrs old
* Candidate has a high school diploma (or a GED)
* Candidate has no criminal records or felony convictions
* Candidate has not received any disciplinary action and his license or registration has not been revoked or suspended by authorities.

Application form for certification is available online. Visit the websites of the duly-accredited certification agencies.

Acts of misrepresenting eligibility or violation of rules set by the certification agency shall be considered ground for disqualification of application.

Want To Better Your Brain Performance?

Want to Better Your Brain Performance

I think that this is common knowledge that as we age we seem to lose brain performance and the memory deteriorates. However, young people can also have this problem; aging is only one of the causes, there are other factors. Therefore, if you are concerned or interested in this subject, check the tips below to slow or even better your brain performance.

Try to have more relaxation periods Best way to save your memories is to stay away from stress; I know, in todays society its easier said than done. Stress situations can trigger the release of the stress hormone, cortisol. Researchers have known for some time that elevated levels of cortisol will interfere with learning and memory. In fact, the area of the brain where it handles recent memories may even become smaller. Try to relax more often to try and release the tension from your body.

Stop cigarette smoking Smoking cigarettes will affect the blood flow in your veins and arteries, thus reducing the quantity of blood reaching your brain. Oxygenated blood with nutrients that the brain needs to function at its peak will be reduced affecting memory recall.

No brain toxins Drugs in general, whether illegal or legal can harm the brains function. There is normally a good reason why illegal drugs are illegal, they will cause harm not only to your brain, but other organs in your body. However, legal drugs if abused can also cause harm; always follow the recommended doses. Using legal drugs for long periods can also have an effect on the brain function; if you need to take drugs for long periods ask your doctor about the effects of brain function.

Eating healthy Although you may think that this is a no brainer, you would be surprise at the diets that some people have. In todays now society people dont have time to prepare or think of the nutrients in the food they eat. Therefore, if the brain is deprived of certain nutrients, it may have an effect on its function. Beyond this article, but try to have a balance diet of: Good fats Proteins Good carbohydrates If you have to buy premade food read the label and see what the ingredients are. Dont be fooled by the taste as it can very easily be manipulated in the lab.

Brain exercises Researchers have found that by using certain techniques you may improve your thinking and memory skills. The brain is also an organ that can be revitalised, thus finding these techniques will help us improve our brain function. Getting the brain working on educational activities will help to energise its capabilities. Try crossword or other similar puzzles, it makes your brain think and this is a form of exercise that will make your brain function better, but if there is no effect it will at least prevent it from deteriorating.

Protect your head You could do all the right things to improving the brain power, but if you receive a head injury it may affect the normal function of the brain. Sometimes small knocks can put the brain under stress and should be avoided. Although they may be minor, repeated knocks will accumulate and eventually will damage the brain. Therefore, when playing some physical sports or cycling use a good quality helmet. The type of genes we have determine the brain ability, but maintaining its health is the key to slow mental deterioration.

Developing The Survival Mindset, Part 1

What is the survival mindset and why is it important?

In our previous series on survival training, we talked briefly about the survival mindset and how it can help you surmount the biggest challenges in the wilderness.

However, we werent able to fully develop the idea. In our newest series, we are going to explore the survival mindset in full so that you will know how to begin developing it for yourself.

The psychology of survival has actually been studied for many, many decades because of its importance in the battlefield. Military forces from around the world are taught to fight in the field but before they can do, they must develop a strong survival mindset, too.

How can you develop this special mindset?

You dont have to be a member of the military or navy to learn this vital mindset. Here are some excellent ways you can start developing it today:

1. Beat Disbelief Into the Ground Disbelief is defined as a state in which a person unable to come to terms with the reality of what had just happened. This mental state is exceedingly common in people who have just experienced a disaster or any austere or challenging situation in the wilderness.

Disbelief can be extremely disabling and it can drive an unprepared person into a near-permanent state of inaction. Thats why it would be best to seize control of it as soon as possible.

How can you disassemble disbelief?

Disbelief is like a nasty, well-oiled machine. Its destructive and limiting, but it works perfectly if you let it have its way with you. You cant just shake the feeling and expect to gain mental clarity immediately. You need to bring this mental behemoth down piece by piece.

The first step in disassembling this ambiguous mental state is by acknowledging everything that has happened so far. Dont let the unfairness of your situation get in the way of your assessment. Acceptance is the cornerstone of this endeavor. Realize that you cant solve your problem if you dont face it head on.

The second step is to completely discard all notions of survival rate. At this point, those statistics are useless information. They wont help you solve the problem and they will only feed your disbelief.

The third and final step is to begin formulating a plan based on your logical assessment of the situation.

Do not think for a second that its impossible to survive or surmount the obstacle because we see people do impossible things every day. There are thousands of people out there proving time and time again that the odds can be beaten if you really want to.

2. Chaining Down and Controlling the Stress Response Stress is a physiological response to threatening or downright dangerous situations. Physiological stress arises from psychological stress, which in turn is triggered by a combination of thoughts and emotions.

Stress triggers the fight or flight response and makes adrenaline readily available in the bloodstream.

This type of physiological response can actually be useful if you are in a compromising situation. However, you must first chain it down and control it if you want it to be useful to what youre trying to do:

Step one is to physically calm yourself. Stress can double a persons normal heart rate easily. You cant think properly if your heart is racing so loosen your shoulder muscles and take deep, oxygen-rich breaths to physically relax.

Remember to breathe in through your nose so that you can take deep breaths. Shallow mouth-breathing is not recommended for emergency situations.

Step two is performing a complete analysis of what exactly happened. You should also begin identifying the different resources that you can use to get out of this tight situation.

Step 3 is to get angry! Not angry at yourself mind you, but at the problem itself. Tell the situation that it can go fly to the moon (or something harsher, if you want).

Anger can give you a more sustained adrenaline rush, which is vital in some situations (e.g. swimming upstream when the current is strong and youre already fatigued).

Step 4 is to resign yourself to the fact that youre in this particular situation and that theres no shortcut out of it. At one point your energy will wane and adrenaline will no longer help you perform well.

When you reach this point in time, you have to conserve energy. Many survivors recall a gentle sinking into the situation so that their minds are no longer bothered by the uncertainty and unfairness of what has happened. This state of mind can actually help you understand what needs to be done more quickly.

Which Prenatal Vitamins Are Best To Use?



Pregnancy is one of those times in life when a woman’s body is extremely vulnerable. Even the minutest things like eating or drinking are to be managed for the growth of a healthy baby inside the womb. It is also during the process of pregnancy that a female requires the most amount of nutrients. Whatever her normal intake of vitamins is, it should be increased as recommended by her doctor. This is important since vitamins are essential for the proper growth of the baby.

There are several prenatal vitamins that are important during this fragile phase. Following are some of the best prenatal vitamins which are safe to use.

Vitamin E

Although the deficiency of vitamin E is quite rare among people, it is a good nutrient to be taken during this time. Most pregnant women take vitamin E supplements to make sure there are no complications during the entire pregnancy period. Its intake assists in regulating the blood pressure and the issues that are associated with it.

Vitamin C

This is another extremely important vitamin to be taken during the time of pregnancy. Women are usually eating more during this period than they normally do, which means increased vulnerability to certain diseases. Intake of vitamin C strengthens the immune system allowing you to be free with your prenatal diet. However, as mentioned multiple times everywhere, excessive dosage of any nutrient can harm your baby.

Vitamin D

The body of a pregnant woman greatly requires doses of Vitamin D, as it is important for both the baby and the mother. Combining Vitamin D with calcium helps greatly in the proper growth of bones in the baby. It further strengthens the bones of the mother. The amount of vitamin D intake is usually suggested by the doctor during prenatal checkups.

Vitamin B-9

This is by far one of the most common and best prenatal vitamins that are taken by women during pregnancy. It is commonly known as folic acid. It is recommended that women should start consuming vitamin B-9 before they even know they are pregnant yet. This is important since this nutrient is essential in the growth of your baby from the earliest stages –when you might not even know you are pregnant. This is especially important if neural tube defects are found in the family history of a woman.

Vitamin B-6

This is another vitamin from the vitamin B family. It is also quite a helpful prenatal vitamin since it is known for aiding morning sickness which is common during pregnancy. This vitamin is also taken by people suffering from morning sickness as it is a common element in most of the prescribed drugs for this illness.

There are several other prenatal vitamins that assist during this phase. However, it is important to know the amounts of essential vitamins you need daily during pregnancy because overdosing could lead to adverse effects for you as well as your child.

 

Avoid Blood Vessel Issue By Getting A Good Blood Pressure

Every time you visit your doctor, one of the things that are being done to you to determine your condition is checked your blood pressure. Blood pressure that is high is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and many other serious health problems including blood vessel issue. To measure your blood pressure, your upper arm will be wrapped with an inflatable cuff. The cuff will then be inflated to cut off blood circulation temporarily and allow the blood to flow back slowly. This lets the person taking your blood pressure monitor the sounds as the blood flows through the arteries. Although your blood pressure changes from time to time, it is important always to maintain a good blood pressure. In other words, keep a blood pressure reading below 120/80 for those in their 20s and above.

To a normal person, a BP may merely represent numbers of no real importance. Though, if you are keen on maintaining a healthy body, it is imperative that you fully understand what it stands for and why there is a need to monitor it now and then. Knowing your numbers, so to speak, and knowing what good blood pressure can prove crucial in preventing possible heart ailments and other health complications brought about by high blood pressure. An abnormal increase in the pressure may be due to the build-up of fatty deposits, forcing the heart to pump harder to supply adequate blood all throughout the body. Over time, the extra work eventually causes the heart muscles to enlarge and weaken, and when left untreated or regulated can lead to heart failure and death.

So, what do these numbers mean? Blood pressure reading is usually recorded as a fraction. The top number is the systolic pressure, which is the pressure as the heart contracts and pumps the blood. The bottom number is the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure in the vessels when the heart is at rest in between beats. An average blood pressure should read 120/80, and if it goes higher than 120/80 up to 139/89, it is now considered as a prehypertension state.

However, don't panic if your initial blood pressure result is more than 120/80. You should know that there are factors affecting one's blood pressure. Usually, your doctor will regularly check and monitor you blood pressure for a particular period to establish an average rate. This is to consider other possibilities that could affect the result of your blood pressure such as physical activities, smoking, sleeping patterns, alcohol consumption, etc.

A study shows that heart-related conditions are one of the leading causes of death. It has also been known that high blood pressure or hypertension is a silent killer since it doesn't have any early symptoms. If you diagnosed with an elevated blood pressure, make sure to seek immediate medical assistance so you can regulate and maintain a good blood pressure. There are available treatments that can help control high blood pressure. A change of lifestyle, keeping a healthy diet, and regular exercise may also be advised, besides medications, to lower your blood pressure.

Ensure to have your blood pressure checked regularly, especially for ages 30s and above. As the old phrase goes, prevention is much better than cure. Maintain a good blood pressure to enjoy your life fully to the fullest.

Nootropics - An Overall Guide

Nootropics are referred to as smart drugs, memory enhancers or intelligence enhancers and the term is derived from the greek nous meaning mind and trepein which means to bend. Some examples can be found at EinsteinsFocus.com. They have stimulating effects on the brain by increasing the oxygen supply and nutrition.

The process of improving concentration can be obtained by using substances that are active on the brain. Such substances are ginseng, rhodiola rosea, DMAE, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6. Ginseng is a plant that has a special effect by prolonging the effect of noradrenaline and giving a boost of energy. Rhodiola rosea is another plant that is scientifically proven to increase the energy when fatigue kicks in and calming down the body when stress factors appear. This beneficial effect is due to the fact that Rhodiola rosea has the same outcome as ginseng, prolonging the activity of neurotransmitters. In Rhodiola rosea's case, the neurotransmitter is the dopamine, who will have a longer action on the nerve cell.

Serotonin is another neurotransmitter involved in the mood regulation, and by influencing this system, you can achieve a better mood. Some of the best-known serotonergic substances are curcumin, piperine and l-theanine.

Adaptogenes are the substances that manage to protect the body from the non-specific stress, increasing the general resistance of the body. A few examples of adaptogens are found in ginseng, rhodiola rosea, ginkgo biloba or bacopa monnieri. The mechanism of their actions is very complex. Gingko biloba and bacopa both sharpen the mind, improving mental clarity and giving a more clear feeling in the head.

Gabaergic substances have an inhibitory action on the brain, relieving it from the stress a conferring a sensation of relaxation. L-theanine is one example of the gabaergic class that gives a focused, yet comfortable feeling.

Last, but not least, the vasodilators such as ginkgo biloba have a positive influence on the selective attention, short-term memory and overall functioning of the brain.

Nootropic drugs are specially designed for students and professionals or any other person interested in improving concentration and memory. It contains a great variety of active ingredients that were described before, like the famous ginseng, ginkgo biloba and rhodiola rosea, but also less known but very powerful components like alpha-GPC, huperzine-A, phosphatidyl serine, l-theanine, bacopa monnieri, green tea and DMAE.

By taking it and carefully choosing the brand, you will be getting maximum activity from your brain. Due to the powerful formulas, the effects last through the whole day.

Meditation For Beginners

In today's extremely stressful and fast paced world, people are always looking for new ways to relax. Stress is a huge factor in so many ailments, including heart disease and related conditions. To avoid having complications due to stress, it is important to find a way to unwind and let all that stress go. Meditating is one way to do it, and it only takes a few minutes. All it takes is a little bit of time and an open mind in order to really reap the benefits of meditation for beginners.

Meditating helps by calming your mind, which is the source of so much stress. When you think too much about something, especially work or personal problems, it puts your entire body on high alert, causing all kinds of potential problems. If you could calm your mind, some of that agitation melts away, and your body is not overworked as much.

The first thing that everybody who is new to this should know is that you need a quiet setting. There should be no television or other distractions. There should be no loud sounds at all, that includes ones from outside. The room should also be relaxing for you, and should not be somewhere that causes stress.

You also need to set aside a block of time each day. The relaxation technique of meditating cannot be rushed. If you rush through it, you may find that it is not only relaxing, but may be causing you even more stress, which is the exact opposite of the desired affect. Even if you have to put some time into your schedule each day to do it, then find that time and pencil in some relaxation.

You really do not need a ton of time, especially in the beginning. Start out quite slow, perhaps two minutes per day. This gets you used to setting minutes aside for your mental health, and lets you ease into the practice. After a week or so, increase your minutes, perhaps to five per day. Each week, gradually increase for a few minutes until you get up to an amount that feels right and allows you to really relax and feel better. For some people, this 15 minutes each day. For others, it may be a half hour every other day. Try differing intervals and stretches to see which is right for you

As you breathe in, try to be aware of what your body is doing. Be aware of the expansion of your chest as you inhale, and the way your chest goes down as you exhale. Feel your diaphragm contract as your chest rises and falls with each breathe. Doing this keeps you focused and in the moment, and helps quiet your mind. For most people, quieting the mind is the reason why they find it hard to meditate properly and get the beneficial affects of it. Focus only on what you are doing in the moment and you will find yourself relaxing and feeling better almost immediately.

Some people need complete silence, others like music. Though outside news is largely an obstacle to great meditation sessions, proper music may actually enhance it. Find a CD or . Mp3 of music you find relaxing. There are many pieces composed expressly for this practice, so seek them out and try a session with music. If you find yourself enjoying it more, keep the music. If you find it distracting, then do it in silence.

Just remember to time yourself. You may find meditation so relaxing that you lose track of time, and you do not want to be late for something since you spent too long doing it. That would just cause more undue stress, which defeats the purpose. Time yourself, try different intervals, and see how much better you feel by trying this storied, ancient practice.

A Guide To Hiring A Top-notch Brain Injury Compensation Lawyer

Sometimes people are negligent and it leads to the injuries of others. As you should already know, some of these damages are far worse than others. Having a traumatic brain injury can change the entire course of someone's life. As a result, it is important to have a brain injury compensation lawyer around to help you get all that you deserve.

One problem that many people face is trying to determine which brain injury compensation lawyers to choose when there are so many out there. The solution is not one that is simple, yet it does not have to be the most complicated process in the world. The best place to start would be the Internet. With the sheer number of people who log on every day, it will not be hard to spot a few candidates right away.

You cannot meet with every lawyer out there, so it is best to narrow it down to about 3-5 options. You should meet with each of them in person and discuss your case. They will let you know if they feel like they are qualified to handle this type of claim. You should always take notes so that you can carefully weigh all of the pros and cons before making a choice.

There are some lawyers that try to attract clients by being very flashy. They have TV and print ads that are splashy and designed to garner attention. This is not the kind of person that you want to hire your case. Your case is supposed to be the center of attention and it should not have to battle with a sub-par lawyer to get the spotlight.



When meeting with any lawyer, make sure that you ask them about the fees that will be expected of you. This includes the standard fees, any fees for clerical work done and travel expenses. You should ask for everything in writing in the event that there is a problem at some point and you and your lawyer are having a dispute about money.

Ask any lawyer you are considering about the number of brain injury cases they have worked on in the past. This is an area of law that is very specific and you want to make sure that you are dealing with someone who is familiar with all of the case law. Sure, a general attorney can go and read a few books to brush up on the subject, but your best bet is to hire someone that has experience. Ideally, they should have handled at least 25-50 cases that are similar to this.

Sustaining a brain injury is something that will have a profound effect on the lives of all who are involved. This is why you need to have someone come in and fight to get you the compensation you deserve. While there are countless lawyers that are out there, the advice here will lead you to the right one.

Assessing Brain Injury Compensation Lawyers



If you are looking for brain injury compensation lawyers, the hiring process can be pretty tiresome. It is necessary to make all of the right moves when you are seeking legal representation since the outcome of your case depends on that. Here is a list of DOs and DON'Ts that should prepare you for the hiring process.

DO hire brain injury compensation lawyers who have been in business for quite some time. There are many new lawyers who are perfectly capable of handling this type of case, but it is better to err on the side of caution and look for someone who has been in this arena for much longer. This is a much better decision than being a test case for someone who has only been practicing law for a short time.

DON'T hire anyone without meeting them in person. These days, it is common for attorneys to advertise on the Internet, which is filled with valuable information about each candidate. As a result, some people feel comfortable hiring them sight unseen. Experience and skill are not the only factors to consider when looking for an attorney, so this is a huge mistake.

The way that you get along with an attorney makes a huge difference, especially considering the fact that you will have to work closely with them. Hiring an unseen attorney means that you may end up represented by someone who you have a difficult time meshing with.

DO ask about other cases potential attorneys may be working on. A great lawyer has the ability to handle many cases at once, but this depends on the complexity of each one. For example, if there is a high profile case being worked on where someone is suing a multi-million dollar company, an attorney hired to handle this case would probably drop everything and give this all of their focus.

You don't want to have someone push your case to the back burner because they have tried to bite off more than they can chew. Even if they are not able to give you 100% of their time, the amount they have available should be more than sufficient.

DON'T hire a lawyer without asking about their win-loss ratio. Just because a lawyer loses a case here and there, this does not mean that they are totally incompetent. With that said, there is something very wrong with hiring someone who loses far more often than they win. Ask about this when you are interviewing lawyers and make sure that you consider this when trying to narrow down the candidates.

Hiring a lawyer is not the simplest thing in the world, but it does not have to be the most difficult either. Keeping all of this advice in mind when you are in the selection process will ensure that you find a great attorney to handle your case. It may take some time to find the perfect representation, but be patient and choose wisely.

Is There An Onnit Scam Surrounding Their Nootropic?

Onnit Labs offers an Alpha Brain supplement which is used to help with concentration and memory.

The supplement, which is a nootropic, is used to enhance the firing mechanisms of the neurons in the brain. Using the proper nootropic can help prevent any disturbances when it comes to learning behaviors and in the context of memory retention.

With the growing numbers of brain enhancement supplements on the market today, it can be difficult to discern which is the right nootropic to take from an individual standpoint. However, the research and the act of being fully informed is necessary for any enhancement that a person wishes to begin taking on a regular basis.

Onnit Labs is based in Austin, Texas and works diligently to provide excellent customer care. Not only are they concerned with quality customer service, they also endeavor for their clients to reach their unique health and fitness goals.

The nootropic they offer, which is called Alpha Brain supplement, is used by an enormous customer base. They are also quick to respond to any questions and concerns that are presented to them as a company.

Is Onnit's Nootropic Legitimate?

As with any supplement that a consumer happens to take, there are certain side effects that are to be expected. However, Onnit's Alpha Brain supplement has a wide variety of benefits and those side effects are comparatively less.

Being rated one of the best nootropics on the market, the Alpha Brain supplement is well balanced and uses natural ingredients to lessen the occurrence of side effects. In fact, the nootropic offered by Onnit Labs is caffeine-free which sets them apart from the others.

In Onnit's Alpha Brain, there are 11 main ingredients:

1. GABA

2. Vitamin B6

3. Oat Straws

4. Bacopa Monneiri

5. Serrata

6. Pterostilbene

7. Alpha-GPC Choline

8. Huperzine A

9. Vinpocetine

10. AC-11

11. Mucuna Pruriens

The aforementioned ingredients cause very little side effects, aside from headaches and a sense of restlessness. However, given appropriate time, the body can normally adjust to these new ingredients and the benefits will become more apparent.

For a nootropic to be accurately labeled as such, the chances of toxicity or side effects must be considerably low. Onnit's Alpha Brain supplement more than meets those requirements and, therefore, is legitimate method for the consumer to enhance their memory and have an improved attention span.

The natural ingredients used as well as the company's dedication to their product proves that there is no onnit scam.

The nootropic offered will ensure that certain brain abilities are optimized. As these enhancements caused by the supplement are realized, the consumer will be notice that they are able to get more work completed and have additional vigor to perform the activities which matters the most to them.

Unparalleled Motivation To Stopping Smoking

There are undeniable advantages to quitting smoking. There can be specific restrictions that you possibly have to obtain over, like the investment of time necessary to plan. Devotion paired with honest initiative needs to ultimately much better place you to obtain healthier.

One more benefit of quitting smoking is that it develops your planning abilities since you would certainly have to prepare just how you can relocate ahead to truly get healthier. When you choose to quit smoking, you would certainly learn rather a piece concerning planning combined with remaining focused.

trying to stop

Quitting smoking is a task where any person can continuously a lot better themselves with the duration of prep work. Even though training can be up to a timeframe that suits one's personal requirements, it implies that you might probably need to educate continuously for a term of time. Quitting smoking could make you become stronger as well as far better outfitted for your day-to-day challenges.

People that were tossing away all cigarettes possibly recognize small changes in their psychological wellness. Those people a lot more significantly really feel geared up to take on more points in life. Priming in breakthrough permits you to be more powerful as compared to exactly what you were previously. It permits you to tackle greater than you possibly had previously, and not lose power as quickly. This all benefits you, and it a lot more significantly helps you in your day-to-day life.

Is Quitting Smoking Right For You?

If quitting smoking is suitable for you, this might offer you substantial idea to set up. Definitely, quitting smoking requires one to be wise, thrifty and diligent. When you see on your own as the type of person with these attributes, you would certainly be entirely willing to obtain more healthy.

Individuals who decide to quit smoking are truly steadfast. You could not phony quitting smoking. You simply could not quit smoking without some planning.

Whenever you quit smoking cigarettes, there are normally some vital activities that you need to do. Those three activities do not solely aid people out with quitting smoking, they more importantly bring various other additional benefits to life.

There are even much more advantages of quitting smoking and also the top one is that it might offer you a feeling of satisfaction and also success. Quitting smoking needs one to be smart, thrifty and also conscientious. People that have already quit smoking comprehend just how much commitment is required. You require to regard your inner voice, which would certainly lead you via the actions to quitting smoking.

Quitting smoking should be rather thrilling and also supplies a feeling of success that you could possibly value for perpetuity. Quitting smoking is a challenge. Whether you are simply beginning or are totally skilled, there are constant benefits and drawbacks of quitting smoking.

There are also a lot more advantages of quitting smoking as well as the top one is that it might supply you a feeling of satisfaction as well as success. Stopping smoking is a life-altering task. Quitting smoking is something that would constantly remind you of your commitment as well as supply you a feeling of fulfillment for merely attempting this task.

Brain Injury Claims Lawyers



In this day and age, we are beginning to learn a lot about brain injuries and the potentially detrimental affects that they can have on a person's life. Will Smith is starring in a movie called Concussion, professional sports leagues like the NFL are dealing with a number of lawsuits pertaining to brain injuries and scientists are continuously having breakthroughs in research regarding these injuries. With that in mind, you will need to understand the nature of such injuries and protect yourself in a court of law if you feel that you have suffered an injury and need legal recourse. Follow the tips below and hire a brain injury claims lawyer who can help you out.

What should I know about brain injuries?

First and foremost, don't think that you need to be a professional athlete to have a brain injury claim. For instance, did you know that more than 1.4 million people on an annual basis suffer some sort of brain injury? These numbers are staggering and further proof that brain injury claims lawyers are very much needed. Some examples of brain injuries you may have suffered include concussions, trauma from accidents and blunt force brain trauma.

The issue with brain injuries is that they are not always obvious. Signs and symptoms of concussions, acquired brain injuries and other problems can take days, weeks and years to even manifest. Because of this, you will need to be sure that you reach out to medical professionals who can help you out with a proper diagnosis and ongoing care. Not only can these medical professionals help you to heal, they can also provide you with court testimony and a monetary trail that helps you put together your case. These medical professionals will work hand in hand with your attorney, so that you are able to win your brain injury legal claim on your own terms.

What should I know about my legal case?

When you are attempting to assert that another party is responsible for your brain injuries, you will need to be sure that you are able to furnish proof that they are negligent. You'll need to prove that they did not take the necessary steps of preventing the incident from happening. Your attorney can help you prove the duty of care and can also substantiate the level of trauma that you experienced throughout the course of being injured.

How can I hire the right lawyer?

The best thing you can do is seek referrals from other people who have hired certain attorneys in your area. They will be able to sit down with you for a consultation, to go over the nature of your case, your medical history and more. These attorneys will be able to help you out and will charge you specific fees, so ask for an itemized breakdown of their rates and charges.

When you follow these pieces of advice, you will be able to get help for your brain injury legal case. Follow these tips and reach out to a lawyer.

The Progress and Pitfalls of Medical Marijuana

“Cannabis is like a medicine cabinet,” says Roger Pertwee, who was instrumental in some of the early cannabis trials for multiple sclerosis. “It has a lot of compounds in it that are novel and unique to cannabis. We have discovered 104 so far, but there are others. There are many potential uses that we have to investigate.”
Pertwee is Professor of Neuropharmacology at the University of Aberdeen and also GW’s Director of Pharmacology (some of his research at the university is funded by the company). His work, alongside that of other researchers including Raphael Mechoulam and Vincenzo Di Marzo, is instrumental in our understanding of the endocannabinoid system, a network of lipids and receptors involved in a wide array of bodily processes, including appetite, memory, pain and mood.
We have two types of cannabinoid receptor: CB1, which is mostly found in the brain and spinal cord, and CB2, which is found mainly on cells in the immune system. These receptors are activated by cannabinoids made by the body (endocannabinoids) as well as synthetic cannabinoids and those present in plants.
Where should medical research focus its efforts exploring medical cannabis? Many prominent researchers, including Pertwee, believe that the individual components of cannabis are more effective than using the whole plant. Focusing on components would also obviate the need for a patient to smoke.
Areas of interest to researchers across the world include the possible therapeutic use of THC (the main psychoactive component of cannabis), CBD and other cannabinoids to treat autoimmune diseases, diabetes, cancer, inflammation, seizures and even psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Cannabis for Cancer
At the medical school at St George’s, University of London, Dr Wai Liu and his team have shown that cannabinoids target the signalling pathways that are mutated in cancer cells, which, effectively, tell cells to keep growing. THC and CBD can turn these signals off, which may reverse the process of cancer in the cells. The compounds also enhance the action of radiotherapy.
But Liu, too, is skeptical of a whole-plant approach. “We have an amazing chance to use a drug derived from the cannabis plant which seems to be anti-cancerous. Let’s research it, and combine it with other cancer drugs. Let’s not waste time.
“If you truly believe that anti-cancer is the argument, don’t talk about cannabis any more, in the same way that we don’t talk about white willow any more because we have aspirin… We don’t need to be hijacked by other motives, like whether or not to legalize cannabis.”
The apparently encouraging results of this kind of work have led some patients to buy cannabis oil online, which is illegal in the UK. Liu is concerned that patients could be self-medicating with oil that could be contaminated. Another problem, he says, is that other chemicals within cannabis (minor cannabinoids) could actually counteract the beneficial effects of THC and CBD. He is now asking the many medical cannabis users who email him if he can collect their data, as a potential precursor to a full clinical trial. “We need to understand the drugs being sold on the internet,” he says.
These minor cannabinoids could be helpful too. Pertwee explains: “We were looking at the history of tincture of cannabis in the past. We found it contains tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)”. The researchers have since found that THCV blocks the CB1 receptor but partially activates the CB2 receptor. “This might be good for treating stroke and it might be good for drug dependence,” he says. Other potential uses are being investigated, including for Parkinson’s and schizophrenia.
Evidence for Medical Marijuana
But it’s still early days. While some cannabis enthusiasts see it as a panacea – especially appealing when so many conditions aren’t well treated by other drugs – as yet, evidence across the board just isn’t there.
In summer 2015, a review of the efficacy of medical cannabis for a number of conditions was published. Examining 28 databases, the authors found moderate evidence that medical cannabis may help with spasticity in multiple sclerosis and with neuropathic and chronic pain. But evidence for other conditions was weaker.
One major charity, Cancer Research UK, has faced a particularly prominent backlash after voicing caution about cannabis. Its Science Communications Manager, Dr Kat Arney, showed me her bulging folder of research papers about cannabis, embellished with a sticker of Bob Marley. “Cannabinoids are really interesting molecules with potential for human health,” she says. “I read the literature regularly. Nothing tells me that cannabis is a cure for cancer.”
This cautious stance has led to the charity getting flamed on social media. Arney wants case studies to be gathered, saying that the way cannabis in its whole-plant form is discussed by the online community, uncritically, as a cure-all is unhelpful. “At the moment it sounds like – for want of a better word – snake oil, and that’s how it is marketed.”
Legalization Patchwork
Canada, Uruguay, Israel and Jamaica are among the countries that have ruled cannabis legal for medical use. Alongside these sit 23 American states and the District of Columbia, five of which, at the time of writing, have gone as far as legalizing recreational use too.
But what do we mean by medical use? Steve Rolles, from the international think-tank Transform, which campaigns for the legal regulation of drugs globally, sets out some of the options: “Do we want a standardized herbal product like Bedrocan [from specially grown plants], or a tincture like Sativex, or a single-content pharmaceutical product… or a combination of products?
“Would we allow people to ‘grow their own’, as some jurisdictions do, or be provided by ‘compassion clubs’? Who would regulate this activity?”
The stated purpose of most of the American state laws is based on the Californian law: “to ensure that seriously ill Californians have the right to obtain and use marijuana for medical purposes where that medical use is deemed appropriate.” But there is conflict with federal law, under which cannabis is still illegal, and models vary widely across state lines. Alice O’Leary-Randall, one of the earliest American pioneers in the medical cannabis field, says this variation has scattered the movement and dubs it “medical cannabis by zip code.”
Most of these states require the patient to have some form of license to acquire medical cannabis but not all require state residency. Although almost all states have a list of conditions that qualify for medical cannabis, these differ, with some states permitting it for chronic conditions and others only for specified illnesses such as cancer.
Data collected in some states suggests that many medical users receive cannabis for chronic or severe pain, a catch-all, rather than for the conditions on which the first activists campaigned: glaucoma, AIDS, cancer and multiple sclerosis. Certified users in Arizona, for example, are mostly young and male and use the drug for pain relief.
From Medical to Recreational
This, opponents argue, is evidence that medical cannabis has become a first step on the road to recreational legalization, rather than an end in itself. Kevin Sabet, who advised the Obama administration on drug policy, now works as a consultant with Smart Approaches to Marijuana, an organization that opposes legalization. “In the US we are seeing that medical cannabis is being misused to legitimize recreational use,” he says.
“We know that the political movement on medical marijuana is tied to legalization… they have rebranded cannabis, from being about 30-year-old stoners to medical use.” Successfully, too: a 2013 Fox News poll found that 85 percent of Americans – and 80 percent of self-identified Republicans – approve of the medical use of cannabis if prescribed by a medical doctor. But you don’t even need a doctor in some states, as homeopaths and naturopaths can issue licenses.
The amount of cannabis allowed varies. Some states allow patients to grow their own. Others have restrictive medical cannabis agreements, allowing only high-CBD strains (for particular conditions such as epilepsy) – so restrictive, in fact, that patients argue that they are unworkable. The Drug Enforcement Administration has also raided cannabis dispensaries countrywide, saying that they are not just serving medical users.
“There are serious impediments to medical cannabis use within our healthcare system,” O’Leary-Randall says. “There is no consistent education of our healthcare professionals around using medical cannabis, or the endocannabinoid system.” She sits on the board of the American Cannabis Nurses’ Association, which was set up formally in 2012 to give nurses advice on how to assist patients and dispense safely, without violating federal law or their license.
Pharmacists, too, walk a tightrope. Nearly 20 years after the legalization of medical cannabis, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (an official body for the profession) encourages research into, but not distribution of, medical cannabis, so qualified pharmacists have historically been unwilling to get involved. Recent discussions by the body, however, suggest a softening of attitude towards medical cannabis. A new body, the National Association of Cannabis Pharmacy, was launched last year.
O’Leary-Randall wants more qualified pharmacists to be involved in dispensing cannabis, though she acknowledges the difficulties: “Cannabis is so unique… It’s rather daunting for elderly people to go into a dispensary and look at names like Purple Haze and Skunk Weed and pick out what is their medicine. I would love to see pharmacists more active in this so we can standardize this and get people more comfortable.”