The health of a person is often reflected in the condition of their muscles and joints. Pain in these areas are often the earliest warning signs of future significant illness and disability, says Bryan and College Station Texas Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey, a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist..
As individuals age, they start to grumble more of pains in their muscular tissues as well as joints. They appear to stiffen up with age, and such commonplace tasks as bending over for the morning paper could make them wince.
Such discomfort could severe enough that they are sure it begins deep in their bones. Yet the genuine reason for stiffness as well as discomfort lies not in the joints or bones, according to research study at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, yet in the muscular tissues and connective tissues that move and stabilize the joints.
Normal joint motion is full, easy and without problems. Stiff joints if moved can cause inflammation and pain, and reduced joint movement.
Flexibility is the medical term made use of to describe the extent of a joint's activity from full movement in one direction to complete movement in the other. The greater the range of motion, the more flexible the joint.
If you bend forward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have good flexibility, or ROM of the hip joints. Yet can you bend over quickly with a very little expenditure of energy as well as tension? The physical effort required to bend a joint is equally as important as its range of motion.
Various aspects restrict the adaptability and also ease of activity in various joints as well as muscles. In the joint as well as knee, the bony structure itself sets a limit on how far it can move. In other joints, such as the ankle joint, hip, and also back, the soft tissue -- muscular tissue and connective tissue-- restrict the ROM.
Thus, if people do not stretch and move their muscular tissues and also joints out to their their full ranges of motion, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these individuals will certainly try to move a joint after a long period of lack of exercise, they really feel discomfort, which prevents additional use.
Loss of use causes the tissues to lose their normal flexibility because the normal cells are replaced by scar tissue, and this can be a permanet change.
Muscles hurt for many reasons. Let's look at some.
1. Excessive Exercise
Have you always believed on the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm theory
In the research laboratory at the University of Southern California, scientists have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain and muscle spasm.
Using precise medical insruments like electromyography, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed and are irritated show excessive electrical activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.
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