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Which Prenatal Vitamins Are Best To Use?



Pregnancy is one of those times in life when a woman’s body is extremely vulnerable. Even the minutest things like eating or drinking are to be managed for the growth of a healthy baby inside the womb. It is also during the process of pregnancy that a female requires the most amount of nutrients. Whatever her normal intake of vitamins is, it should be increased as recommended by her doctor. This is important since vitamins are essential for the proper growth of the baby.

There are several prenatal vitamins that are important during this fragile phase. Following are some of the best prenatal vitamins which are safe to use.

Vitamin E

Although the deficiency of vitamin E is quite rare among people, it is a good nutrient to be taken during this time. Most pregnant women take vitamin E supplements to make sure there are no complications during the entire pregnancy period. Its intake assists in regulating the blood pressure and the issues that are associated with it.

Vitamin C

This is another extremely important vitamin to be taken during the time of pregnancy. Women are usually eating more during this period than they normally do, which means increased vulnerability to certain diseases. Intake of vitamin C strengthens the immune system allowing you to be free with your prenatal diet. However, as mentioned multiple times everywhere, excessive dosage of any nutrient can harm your baby.

Vitamin D

The body of a pregnant woman greatly requires doses of Vitamin D, as it is important for both the baby and the mother. Combining Vitamin D with calcium helps greatly in the proper growth of bones in the baby. It further strengthens the bones of the mother. The amount of vitamin D intake is usually suggested by the doctor during prenatal checkups.

Vitamin B-9

This is by far one of the most common and best prenatal vitamins that are taken by women during pregnancy. It is commonly known as folic acid. It is recommended that women should start consuming vitamin B-9 before they even know they are pregnant yet. This is important since this nutrient is essential in the growth of your baby from the earliest stages –when you might not even know you are pregnant. This is especially important if neural tube defects are found in the family history of a woman.

Vitamin B-6

This is another vitamin from the vitamin B family. It is also quite a helpful prenatal vitamin since it is known for aiding morning sickness which is common during pregnancy. This vitamin is also taken by people suffering from morning sickness as it is a common element in most of the prescribed drugs for this illness.

There are several other prenatal vitamins that assist during this phase. However, it is important to know the amounts of essential vitamins you need daily during pregnancy because overdosing could lead to adverse effects for you as well as your child.

 

Avoid Blood Vessel Issue By Getting A Good Blood Pressure

Every time you visit your doctor, one of the things that are being done to you to determine your condition is checked your blood pressure. Blood pressure that is high is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and many other serious health problems including blood vessel issue. To measure your blood pressure, your upper arm will be wrapped with an inflatable cuff. The cuff will then be inflated to cut off blood circulation temporarily and allow the blood to flow back slowly. This lets the person taking your blood pressure monitor the sounds as the blood flows through the arteries. Although your blood pressure changes from time to time, it is important always to maintain a good blood pressure. In other words, keep a blood pressure reading below 120/80 for those in their 20s and above.

To a normal person, a BP may merely represent numbers of no real importance. Though, if you are keen on maintaining a healthy body, it is imperative that you fully understand what it stands for and why there is a need to monitor it now and then. Knowing your numbers, so to speak, and knowing what good blood pressure can prove crucial in preventing possible heart ailments and other health complications brought about by high blood pressure. An abnormal increase in the pressure may be due to the build-up of fatty deposits, forcing the heart to pump harder to supply adequate blood all throughout the body. Over time, the extra work eventually causes the heart muscles to enlarge and weaken, and when left untreated or regulated can lead to heart failure and death.

So, what do these numbers mean? Blood pressure reading is usually recorded as a fraction. The top number is the systolic pressure, which is the pressure as the heart contracts and pumps the blood. The bottom number is the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure in the vessels when the heart is at rest in between beats. An average blood pressure should read 120/80, and if it goes higher than 120/80 up to 139/89, it is now considered as a prehypertension state.

However, don't panic if your initial blood pressure result is more than 120/80. You should know that there are factors affecting one's blood pressure. Usually, your doctor will regularly check and monitor you blood pressure for a particular period to establish an average rate. This is to consider other possibilities that could affect the result of your blood pressure such as physical activities, smoking, sleeping patterns, alcohol consumption, etc.

A study shows that heart-related conditions are one of the leading causes of death. It has also been known that high blood pressure or hypertension is a silent killer since it doesn't have any early symptoms. If you diagnosed with an elevated blood pressure, make sure to seek immediate medical assistance so you can regulate and maintain a good blood pressure. There are available treatments that can help control high blood pressure. A change of lifestyle, keeping a healthy diet, and regular exercise may also be advised, besides medications, to lower your blood pressure.

Ensure to have your blood pressure checked regularly, especially for ages 30s and above. As the old phrase goes, prevention is much better than cure. Maintain a good blood pressure to enjoy your life fully to the fullest.

Nootropics - An Overall Guide

Nootropics are referred to as smart drugs, memory enhancers or intelligence enhancers and the term is derived from the greek nous meaning mind and trepein which means to bend. Some examples can be found at EinsteinsFocus.com. They have stimulating effects on the brain by increasing the oxygen supply and nutrition.

The process of improving concentration can be obtained by using substances that are active on the brain. Such substances are ginseng, rhodiola rosea, DMAE, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6. Ginseng is a plant that has a special effect by prolonging the effect of noradrenaline and giving a boost of energy. Rhodiola rosea is another plant that is scientifically proven to increase the energy when fatigue kicks in and calming down the body when stress factors appear. This beneficial effect is due to the fact that Rhodiola rosea has the same outcome as ginseng, prolonging the activity of neurotransmitters. In Rhodiola rosea's case, the neurotransmitter is the dopamine, who will have a longer action on the nerve cell.

Serotonin is another neurotransmitter involved in the mood regulation, and by influencing this system, you can achieve a better mood. Some of the best-known serotonergic substances are curcumin, piperine and l-theanine.

Adaptogenes are the substances that manage to protect the body from the non-specific stress, increasing the general resistance of the body. A few examples of adaptogens are found in ginseng, rhodiola rosea, ginkgo biloba or bacopa monnieri. The mechanism of their actions is very complex. Gingko biloba and bacopa both sharpen the mind, improving mental clarity and giving a more clear feeling in the head.

Gabaergic substances have an inhibitory action on the brain, relieving it from the stress a conferring a sensation of relaxation. L-theanine is one example of the gabaergic class that gives a focused, yet comfortable feeling.

Last, but not least, the vasodilators such as ginkgo biloba have a positive influence on the selective attention, short-term memory and overall functioning of the brain.

Nootropic drugs are specially designed for students and professionals or any other person interested in improving concentration and memory. It contains a great variety of active ingredients that were described before, like the famous ginseng, ginkgo biloba and rhodiola rosea, but also less known but very powerful components like alpha-GPC, huperzine-A, phosphatidyl serine, l-theanine, bacopa monnieri, green tea and DMAE.

By taking it and carefully choosing the brand, you will be getting maximum activity from your brain. Due to the powerful formulas, the effects last through the whole day.

Easy Ways To Tighten Your Vagina

Ladies young and old can take advantage of vaginal tightening. If you have a loose vagina, then you might be trying to find simple methods to tighten your vagina. In this post we are going to talk more about making your vagina tighter. Ladies from all over the world are trying to find an option to fix their loose vagina. There are more choices offered now than there has actually ever been and this might leave you puzzled and annoyed. Whenever there is simply one alternative it makes the option extremely basic.

Vaginal restoration surgical treatment is among the alternatives that females have readily available when it concerns vaginal tightening. Not everybody wants going under the knife though and not everybody is going to have the ability to invest the countless dollars that it costs to have this surgical treatment done. For middle class females, with regular lives, there needs to be a more possible alternative. You are trying to find a method to tighten your vagina using V-tight gel that is not going to spend a lot.

Vaginal workouts have actually been utilized with great success. These workouts are called kegel workouts and will enable you to reinforce your pelvic floor muscles. You need to make certain that you are doing the workouts correctly or they might not benefit you at all.

If you believe that doing workouts is going to increase female desire that is not most likely to be the case. Simply since you have a tighter vagina does not indicate that you are going to wish to have more sex. Often times the vagina will be working effectively and there will still be sexual dysfunction since of mental and psychological problems that have actually not yet been dealt with.

Vaginal laxity can be a big issue for ladies and natural approaches are certainly the choice to select over surgical choices. When you can get outcomes without the danger of surgical treatment this is constantly the very best method to go.

Vaginal tightening creams have actually appeared on the marketplace and are revealing excellent outcomes for a lot of ladies. While not all items are equivalent, there are some that are pertaining to the leading edge and being acknowledged as an excellent method making your vagina tighter.

Prior to you purchase a female improvement item, it is necessary that you check out the components. You need to discover an item that is 100% natural rather of utilizing an item that might have dangerous negative effects.

Does Insurance Cover Hearing Aids?



Only about one fourth of the thirty-five million Americans who need hearing aids actually get them. A major reason for that is money. Much like with eyeglasses, most health insurance plans do not cover hearing aids. It's interesting and illogical that eyes and ears aren't considered part of basic health coverage, but that's how things are in the United States, unfortunately.

Those insurance policies that do have some type of hearing loss provision will likely only cover the cost of a hearing test, something that many hearing aid sellers do for free.

When it comes to the actual coverage, it's usually only about $500 to $1,000, leaving the bulk of the cost paid out of pocket by the consumer. If you're looking to buy Siemens hearing aids (Siemens is one of this biggest manufacturers of hearing aids), for example, you may be able to get the costs partially covered.

Additionally, there are some companies which are involved with large buying groups that may help you get a discount with certain sellers or manufacturers.

If you don't have insurance or your insurance company doesn't pay for hearing aids, youll want to seek out the best deal you can.

Hearing aids from a dealer can cost as much $3,000 each (or more).

There are many reasons for this, a few of which are:

- Most dealers will try to tell you that you have to have a custom fitting made which can cost up to $1,500. It's a simple process that involves making a mold of the ear or ears, and it only costs them about $50 to conduct. Many people are perfectly happy with hearing aids designed to fit everyone (one size fits all models).

- They have expensive operating costs such as lights, telephones, and computer repair and maintenance, and they pass those often exorbitant costs on to you.

- They will attempt to sell you on a bunch of expensive technology you won't need and will most likely never even use. Depending on your needs, you may be able to get by with a vary basic model that does little more than increase quiet sounds and digitally filter out some of the background noise. A device like this can be purchased on the internet for less than $500.

So, for most people, the bad news is that it's unlikely to have all of the costs of hearing aids covered by your health insurance plan. The good news is that the internet is continually bringing prices down so that improving hearing loss can be possible for more and more people.

Meditation For Beginners

In today's extremely stressful and fast paced world, people are always looking for new ways to relax. Stress is a huge factor in so many ailments, including heart disease and related conditions. To avoid having complications due to stress, it is important to find a way to unwind and let all that stress go. Meditating is one way to do it, and it only takes a few minutes. All it takes is a little bit of time and an open mind in order to really reap the benefits of meditation for beginners.

Meditating helps by calming your mind, which is the source of so much stress. When you think too much about something, especially work or personal problems, it puts your entire body on high alert, causing all kinds of potential problems. If you could calm your mind, some of that agitation melts away, and your body is not overworked as much.

The first thing that everybody who is new to this should know is that you need a quiet setting. There should be no television or other distractions. There should be no loud sounds at all, that includes ones from outside. The room should also be relaxing for you, and should not be somewhere that causes stress.

You also need to set aside a block of time each day. The relaxation technique of meditating cannot be rushed. If you rush through it, you may find that it is not only relaxing, but may be causing you even more stress, which is the exact opposite of the desired affect. Even if you have to put some time into your schedule each day to do it, then find that time and pencil in some relaxation.

You really do not need a ton of time, especially in the beginning. Start out quite slow, perhaps two minutes per day. This gets you used to setting minutes aside for your mental health, and lets you ease into the practice. After a week or so, increase your minutes, perhaps to five per day. Each week, gradually increase for a few minutes until you get up to an amount that feels right and allows you to really relax and feel better. For some people, this 15 minutes each day. For others, it may be a half hour every other day. Try differing intervals and stretches to see which is right for you

As you breathe in, try to be aware of what your body is doing. Be aware of the expansion of your chest as you inhale, and the way your chest goes down as you exhale. Feel your diaphragm contract as your chest rises and falls with each breathe. Doing this keeps you focused and in the moment, and helps quiet your mind. For most people, quieting the mind is the reason why they find it hard to meditate properly and get the beneficial affects of it. Focus only on what you are doing in the moment and you will find yourself relaxing and feeling better almost immediately.

Some people need complete silence, others like music. Though outside news is largely an obstacle to great meditation sessions, proper music may actually enhance it. Find a CD or . Mp3 of music you find relaxing. There are many pieces composed expressly for this practice, so seek them out and try a session with music. If you find yourself enjoying it more, keep the music. If you find it distracting, then do it in silence.

Just remember to time yourself. You may find meditation so relaxing that you lose track of time, and you do not want to be late for something since you spent too long doing it. That would just cause more undue stress, which defeats the purpose. Time yourself, try different intervals, and see how much better you feel by trying this storied, ancient practice.

Why Men Compare Themselves To Other Men

The simplest theory as to why men compare themselves with other men is because they compete with one another. Whether this competitive behaviour is conscious or subconscious, all men are continuously scanning other men in the vicinity and assessing whether they are the best or is there someone else who is better around.

When a male compares himself with an attribute that he is endowed with, with another male, the result may be superiority complex. He thus feels good that he is the most capable male in that situation and this complex alone can boost his confidence. However, if the male compares himself with another male on an attribute that he himself lacks, it may set in emotion of inferiority in him. It may start affecting his psyche adversely and shatter his confidence level. In extreme cases, it may end up in total loss of self worth. Here is a list of the qualities that men tend to compare with each other: -LOOKS: This is a physical attribute and it is the first thing that crosses the mans mind while comparing. This attribute includes height, weight, skin type, complexion, endowment, build, width of the shoulders and chest, the hair line, density of hair, etc. The pattern is that the male will generally start comparing the attribute that he perceives to be lacking in himself. Many of these things can be worked on such as hair lose or a small penis size. Consider hair growth solutions and a penis enlargement device.

-LEVEL OF FITNESS: Men have a penchant for comparison of their fitness level. It will include the diet and the exercise regime that the other follows. This is one issue that men may openly discuss with each other.

-MONEY: the third rung in the comparison is the heaviness of the other mens wallets. Even though this cannot be openly discussed, it can be easily measured by looking at the other mans bike/car, latest gadgets like phone, laptop and accessories like pen, bag, belt and shoes.

-JOB: Men love to compare themselves with other men based on the jobs that they do. The more prestigious the post, the more the man is in comparison. The job profile and work activity of the man indicates his worth and his indispensability to the institution that he works for.

-CONTACTS: The number of high profile contacts makes any man an envy of others around him. A popular man is always in demand and people always want to be like him.

It is worthy to note here that healthy comparisons are normal, but if a person goes overboard in comparing himself for every little thing, then he may need to seek professional help.

Penis Size A Snag Not Only For Men But Also Women!

When we talk about penis, it's enlargement, size, etc, we tend to concentrate only on men`s mentality and their opinions, or worries. But have we ever thought of how and what a woman feels or probably opines about these? This is very important because, in sex women play an equal role and the intercourse is complete with a woman on the other side. So it is very important to know their feelings or probably should know, since they are on the receiving end and they know better as to how it works and what the deficiencies are.

A recent study conducted by the researchers of Los Angeles revealed that nearly 84% of the female population is happy and satisfied with their relationship with partners. One reason for this might be that they have right, or perfect penis size. But what about the rest? Yes, the rest feel that they may have a better intercourse if the size were right. Out of this balance 16%, 14% of women feel that it could be larger and the remaining feel that it could be thicker (girth over length in this case). All these are the results of the survey, but the fact is that majority of women do not worry about the size, but rather are happy with men who are kind, affectionate and satisfy not only their sexual urge, but also their other worldly needs. In fact it is men who talk and worry more about their penis size and not women. They are in fact happy with what and however it is.

There are some common identifications and tips that can help men with answers to all their queries. Generally tall people have tall legs and arms and obviously bigger penis. And it is the other way round in smaller men, but this is not a major issue to get agitated over and should not block your pursuit of a happy life. In fact there are many solutions to be found. It should however be noted that penis enlargement by way of pills never works. It can temporarily increase blood flow, but that is it. Here is how to make your dick bigger no pills required.

Similarly thin people have big and large penis when compared to obese men. This is because, when a man is fat, his abdominal weight increases wrapping up the bottom of the penis making it look smaller. This is again not a matter of concern because this situation can be brought under control by burning the extra kilos. This is not only a necessity for a happy sex life but also good for a healthy physical body.

So to be happy in the bed on top of your spouse for longer, the simple mantra is to lose weight and be yourself because most women are happy and satisfied with what you have.

Joint Pain And Muscle Pain: Facts You Need To Know

The health of a person is often reflected in the condition of their muscles and joints. Pain in these areas are often the earliest warning signs of future significant illness and disability, says Bryan and College Station Texas Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey, a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist..

As individuals age, they start to grumble more of pains in their muscular tissues as well as joints. They appear to stiffen up with age, and such commonplace tasks as bending over for the morning paper could make them wince.

Such discomfort could severe enough that they are sure it begins deep in their bones. Yet the genuine reason for stiffness as well as discomfort lies not in the joints or bones, according to research study at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, yet in the muscular tissues and connective tissues that move and stabilize the joints.

Normal joint motion is full, easy and without problems. Stiff joints if moved can cause inflammation and pain, and reduced joint movement.

Flexibility is the medical term made use of to describe the extent of a joint's activity from full movement in one direction to complete movement in the other. The greater the range of motion, the more flexible the joint.

If you bend forward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have good flexibility, or ROM of the hip joints. Yet can you bend over quickly with a very little expenditure of energy as well as tension? The physical effort required to bend a joint is equally as important as its range of motion.

Various aspects restrict the adaptability and also ease of activity in various joints as well as muscles. In the joint as well as knee, the bony structure itself sets a limit on how far it can move. In other joints, such as the ankle joint, hip, and also back, the soft tissue -- muscular tissue and connective tissue-- restrict the ROM.

Thus, if people do not stretch and move their muscular tissues and also joints out to their their full ranges of motion, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these individuals will certainly try to move a joint after a long period of lack of exercise, they really feel discomfort, which prevents additional use.

Loss of use causes the tissues to lose their normal flexibility because the normal cells are replaced by scar tissue, and this can be a permanet change.

Muscles hurt for many reasons. Let's look at some.

1. Excessive Exercise

Have you always believed on the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.

The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.

2. Aging and inactivity

Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.

3. Immobility

Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.

First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.

4. Spasm theory

In the research laboratory at the University of Southern California, scientists have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain and muscle spasm.

Using precise medical insruments like electromyography, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed and are irritated show excessive electrical activity.

In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.

In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.

These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.

According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.

Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.

A Guide To Hiring A Top-notch Brain Injury Compensation Lawyer

Sometimes people are negligent and it leads to the injuries of others. As you should already know, some of these damages are far worse than others. Having a traumatic brain injury can change the entire course of someone's life. As a result, it is important to have a brain injury compensation lawyer around to help you get all that you deserve.

One problem that many people face is trying to determine which brain injury compensation lawyers to choose when there are so many out there. The solution is not one that is simple, yet it does not have to be the most complicated process in the world. The best place to start would be the Internet. With the sheer number of people who log on every day, it will not be hard to spot a few candidates right away.

You cannot meet with every lawyer out there, so it is best to narrow it down to about 3-5 options. You should meet with each of them in person and discuss your case. They will let you know if they feel like they are qualified to handle this type of claim. You should always take notes so that you can carefully weigh all of the pros and cons before making a choice.

There are some lawyers that try to attract clients by being very flashy. They have TV and print ads that are splashy and designed to garner attention. This is not the kind of person that you want to hire your case. Your case is supposed to be the center of attention and it should not have to battle with a sub-par lawyer to get the spotlight.



When meeting with any lawyer, make sure that you ask them about the fees that will be expected of you. This includes the standard fees, any fees for clerical work done and travel expenses. You should ask for everything in writing in the event that there is a problem at some point and you and your lawyer are having a dispute about money.

Ask any lawyer you are considering about the number of brain injury cases they have worked on in the past. This is an area of law that is very specific and you want to make sure that you are dealing with someone who is familiar with all of the case law. Sure, a general attorney can go and read a few books to brush up on the subject, but your best bet is to hire someone that has experience. Ideally, they should have handled at least 25-50 cases that are similar to this.

Sustaining a brain injury is something that will have a profound effect on the lives of all who are involved. This is why you need to have someone come in and fight to get you the compensation you deserve. While there are countless lawyers that are out there, the advice here will lead you to the right one.

How To Let Go Of Thinking During Meditation

As we live in the world which does not appreciate patience and everything we do has to be done in time or someone elses time we forget the spontaneity and intuitive way of our being. Time and space are actually, the concepts of our mind. We shift from one idea to another. We are in a constant battle of ideas. People see each other through illusory ideas: they have to look like this or that, walk and talk in this or that way, believe in the same things we do, they have to be real this or that and so on. I talk a lot more about this on my website called Relax Me Online.

We will never stop thinking. It is a part of our mind. Are we going to be a part of an excessive minds chatter or to observe and acknowledge it as it is? How are we going to use our thoughts? By following them unconsciously? But, the true fact is that we can be aware of how we use our thinking. Before that, we can simply be aware of our thinking process. Meditation helps us in all of this.

We are usually unaware that we follow our ideas which are made of limiting thoughts and perceptions. But, we never ask ourselves where our thoughts come from. What is beyond thinking?

At this point, we can meditate on our thoughts in a Zen koan style. The koans are paradoxical statements, questions, verbal or non-verbal expressions or puzzles used in Zen practice in order to expand persons awareness. We sit with our back straight in a comfortable position and with our eyes closed. We are aware of our breaths. Then, our attention goes to everything that pops in our mind. Be aware of every thought as it comes and goes. Observe it as if it shifts at the some kind of stage. After that, we ask ourselves the question: Whats the next thought that will come in my mind? Another questions we can also use are: Whos observing this thought? Where does this thought come from?

We observe what happens after asking our question. We start to notice the gap between the thoughts. We notice the stillness and peace. When the next thought comes up we repeat our question and observe the answer. We will notice after a while that our thoughts come from nowhere, no one is observing them and their source is nothing! As the thoughts vanish away bit by bit, the gap of silence lengthens more and more. So does our awareness. We slowly open our eyes. We feel the deep rest. The stillness is always within us. We open our life to true understanding, happiness, joy and freedom.

Assessing Brain Injury Compensation Lawyers



If you are looking for brain injury compensation lawyers, the hiring process can be pretty tiresome. It is necessary to make all of the right moves when you are seeking legal representation since the outcome of your case depends on that. Here is a list of DOs and DON'Ts that should prepare you for the hiring process.

DO hire brain injury compensation lawyers who have been in business for quite some time. There are many new lawyers who are perfectly capable of handling this type of case, but it is better to err on the side of caution and look for someone who has been in this arena for much longer. This is a much better decision than being a test case for someone who has only been practicing law for a short time.

DON'T hire anyone without meeting them in person. These days, it is common for attorneys to advertise on the Internet, which is filled with valuable information about each candidate. As a result, some people feel comfortable hiring them sight unseen. Experience and skill are not the only factors to consider when looking for an attorney, so this is a huge mistake.

The way that you get along with an attorney makes a huge difference, especially considering the fact that you will have to work closely with them. Hiring an unseen attorney means that you may end up represented by someone who you have a difficult time meshing with.

DO ask about other cases potential attorneys may be working on. A great lawyer has the ability to handle many cases at once, but this depends on the complexity of each one. For example, if there is a high profile case being worked on where someone is suing a multi-million dollar company, an attorney hired to handle this case would probably drop everything and give this all of their focus.

You don't want to have someone push your case to the back burner because they have tried to bite off more than they can chew. Even if they are not able to give you 100% of their time, the amount they have available should be more than sufficient.

DON'T hire a lawyer without asking about their win-loss ratio. Just because a lawyer loses a case here and there, this does not mean that they are totally incompetent. With that said, there is something very wrong with hiring someone who loses far more often than they win. Ask about this when you are interviewing lawyers and make sure that you consider this when trying to narrow down the candidates.

Hiring a lawyer is not the simplest thing in the world, but it does not have to be the most difficult either. Keeping all of this advice in mind when you are in the selection process will ensure that you find a great attorney to handle your case. It may take some time to find the perfect representation, but be patient and choose wisely.

What Common Ailments Can Be Combated By Taking Cordyceps Sinensis Supplement?

Cordyceps Sinensis is a wonderful medicinal fungus that has many medicinal uses. In fact, it has been used in this capacity for over 2000 years in China. However, Western medicine has not always been that welcoming to Eastern or traditional medicine. The recent discovery of the medicinal benefits of this herbal medicine has led to the popularity of Cordyceps Sinensis in the Western world.

The Different Varieties

There are two different varieties of Cordyceps Sinensis, and these varieties are called Summer Grass and Winter Worm. There are certain types that grow parasitically on moth caterpillars. It is called Winter Worm because after killing the caterpillar, it begins to feed and grow on the mummified caterpillar.

These mushrooms are endangered and only grow in the mountains of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The good news is that it can also be grown in a domesticated capacity by using rice as a substrate. Researchers have discovered that this variety contains the same health benefits as the variety that is grown in the wild.



As stated, Cordyceps Sinensis has many healing properties that can be used to treat a variety of modern health ailments. If you are suffering with a chronic or acute health condition, you may want to consider this herbal medicine.

Glucose Metabolism

There have been several animal studies that have shown in preventing type 1 and type 2 hyperglycemia. It also aids in insulin sensitivity. It also offers benefits for:

  • Insulin secretion improvement
  • Reduction of oxidation stress
  • Promotes gradual absorption of glucose

More research will be needed to determine how effective Cordyceps Sinensis supplementation is for people who are diabetic and pre-diabetic.

Cognition And Moods

Cognition decreases and memory related disorders such as dementia increase as people get older. The area of the brain known as the hippocampus improved with Cordyceps Sinensis supplementation. The hippocampus is the part of the brain where degenerative changes happen. It has been shown that this supplement can help keep the brain healthy as a person gets older. It promotes health on a functional level and structural level.

Celiac Disease

Over the past decade, more people have been diagnosed with celiac disease. The only cure for this health ailment is to eat a diet that is completely void of gluten. Those with the disease but have not been diagnosed can suffer with serious complications before they are aware they have the condition. Cordyceps Sinensis has been shown to react positively in people who suffer with the disorder.

If you are not sure whether you have intolerance to gluten, you should consider a gluten intolerance test. If the test is positive for gluten intolerance, you will need to get tested further to determine if you have Celiac disease.

Cardiovascular Health

There are several components in Cordyceps that may explain why it offers so many benefits for cardiovascular health. It supports:

  • Lower cholesterol
  • Regular heart beat
  • Prevents blood clots
  • Lower hypertension
  • Improved blood flow

These are just a few of the many health ailments that can be alleviated or eliminated via Cordyceps Sinensis. The medicinal herb helps to improve overall health and wellness.

Is There An Onnit Scam Surrounding Their Nootropic?

Onnit Labs offers an Alpha Brain supplement which is used to help with concentration and memory.

The supplement, which is a nootropic, is used to enhance the firing mechanisms of the neurons in the brain. Using the proper nootropic can help prevent any disturbances when it comes to learning behaviors and in the context of memory retention.

With the growing numbers of brain enhancement supplements on the market today, it can be difficult to discern which is the right nootropic to take from an individual standpoint. However, the research and the act of being fully informed is necessary for any enhancement that a person wishes to begin taking on a regular basis.

Onnit Labs is based in Austin, Texas and works diligently to provide excellent customer care. Not only are they concerned with quality customer service, they also endeavor for their clients to reach their unique health and fitness goals.

The nootropic they offer, which is called Alpha Brain supplement, is used by an enormous customer base. They are also quick to respond to any questions and concerns that are presented to them as a company.

Is Onnit's Nootropic Legitimate?

As with any supplement that a consumer happens to take, there are certain side effects that are to be expected. However, Onnit's Alpha Brain supplement has a wide variety of benefits and those side effects are comparatively less.

Being rated one of the best nootropics on the market, the Alpha Brain supplement is well balanced and uses natural ingredients to lessen the occurrence of side effects. In fact, the nootropic offered by Onnit Labs is caffeine-free which sets them apart from the others.

In Onnit's Alpha Brain, there are 11 main ingredients:

1. GABA

2. Vitamin B6

3. Oat Straws

4. Bacopa Monneiri

5. Serrata

6. Pterostilbene

7. Alpha-GPC Choline

8. Huperzine A

9. Vinpocetine

10. AC-11

11. Mucuna Pruriens

The aforementioned ingredients cause very little side effects, aside from headaches and a sense of restlessness. However, given appropriate time, the body can normally adjust to these new ingredients and the benefits will become more apparent.

For a nootropic to be accurately labeled as such, the chances of toxicity or side effects must be considerably low. Onnit's Alpha Brain supplement more than meets those requirements and, therefore, is legitimate method for the consumer to enhance their memory and have an improved attention span.

The natural ingredients used as well as the company's dedication to their product proves that there is no onnit scam.

The nootropic offered will ensure that certain brain abilities are optimized. As these enhancements caused by the supplement are realized, the consumer will be notice that they are able to get more work completed and have additional vigor to perform the activities which matters the most to them.

Unparalleled Motivation To Stopping Smoking

There are undeniable advantages to quitting smoking. There can be specific restrictions that you possibly have to obtain over, like the investment of time necessary to plan. Devotion paired with honest initiative needs to ultimately much better place you to obtain healthier.

One more benefit of quitting smoking is that it develops your planning abilities since you would certainly have to prepare just how you can relocate ahead to truly get healthier. When you choose to quit smoking, you would certainly learn rather a piece concerning planning combined with remaining focused.

trying to stop

Quitting smoking is a task where any person can continuously a lot better themselves with the duration of prep work. Even though training can be up to a timeframe that suits one's personal requirements, it implies that you might probably need to educate continuously for a term of time. Quitting smoking could make you become stronger as well as far better outfitted for your day-to-day challenges.

People that were tossing away all cigarettes possibly recognize small changes in their psychological wellness. Those people a lot more significantly really feel geared up to take on more points in life. Priming in breakthrough permits you to be more powerful as compared to exactly what you were previously. It permits you to tackle greater than you possibly had previously, and not lose power as quickly. This all benefits you, and it a lot more significantly helps you in your day-to-day life.

Is Quitting Smoking Right For You?

If quitting smoking is suitable for you, this might offer you substantial idea to set up. Definitely, quitting smoking requires one to be wise, thrifty and diligent. When you see on your own as the type of person with these attributes, you would certainly be entirely willing to obtain more healthy.

Individuals who decide to quit smoking are truly steadfast. You could not phony quitting smoking. You simply could not quit smoking without some planning.

Whenever you quit smoking cigarettes, there are normally some vital activities that you need to do. Those three activities do not solely aid people out with quitting smoking, they more importantly bring various other additional benefits to life.

There are even much more advantages of quitting smoking and also the top one is that it might offer you a feeling of satisfaction and also success. Quitting smoking needs one to be smart, thrifty and also conscientious. People that have already quit smoking comprehend just how much commitment is required. You require to regard your inner voice, which would certainly lead you via the actions to quitting smoking.

Quitting smoking should be rather thrilling and also supplies a feeling of success that you could possibly value for perpetuity. Quitting smoking is a challenge. Whether you are simply beginning or are totally skilled, there are constant benefits and drawbacks of quitting smoking.

There are also a lot more advantages of quitting smoking as well as the top one is that it might supply you a feeling of satisfaction as well as success. Stopping smoking is a life-altering task. Quitting smoking is something that would constantly remind you of your commitment as well as supply you a feeling of fulfillment for merely attempting this task.

Home Remedies For Anxiety

Anxiety is a serious condition that can continuously plague the life of an individual unless remedied before it becomes a serious problem. The issue with anxiety however, is that it's not easily determinable as people grow anxious when confronted with different situations.

That doesn't mean it's hopeless however! The following home remedies should help you get started on your fight against anxiety.

Exercise

Exercise is the least utilized anti-anxiety treatment because very few people actually want to go through physical work. You will find however that it's also the most effective anti-anxiety treatment there is. Exercise helps the muscles loosen up and produces happy hormones that can relieve stress and make you feel better about yourself. Of course, the fact that it helps you lose weight is an added bonus.

Lavender Scented Candles

The scent of lavender typically has a calming effect on the body. This is especially true if you light lavender candles during a relaxing bath or perhaps right before going to bed. Once you're relaxed, you will find that it becomes infinitely easier to fall asleep. Of course, lavender candles aren't the only ones you can try out. There are also lavender oil or even lavender shampoo and bath salts that can be added to your tub for a truly satisfying wash.

Avoid Unhealthy Substances

If you drink, smoke, or binge in coffee it's probably time to tone it down a notch. Quitting altogether is even better, but this is not always possible for some people. In fact, the process of quitting itself causes anxiety for some. This is why if you're going to quit you have to do it slowly, allowing your body to wean itself out of the harmful chemicals. Coffee in particular has been known to trigger attacks of anxiety and nervousness. Also, steer clear of any other stimulants.

Meditate

Meditation is also an excellent anti-anxiety technique. It's a little harder to perfect but by doing the exercise every day, you will slowly learn focus and understand that there are less things to worry about in life. You can check out how a proper meditation is done through different online videos. An added bonus of this technique is that meditation helps with insomnia, lowers blood pressure, and keeps your mind sharp.

Sleep Right

Anxiety may also be stimulated by the fact that you're lacking in sleep. Make sure you get roughly 8 hours each day, ensuring that your body has gone through sufficient recharging period so that it is completely relaxed for the next day.

Make Time with Friends

Anxiety may be triggered by being constantly exposed to pressure or anxious situations. This is typically connected with work or studies for most people. Hence, give yourself some me time or perhaps, go out with friends and just concentrate on having fun. Laughter is often the best way to keep anxiety at bay. Sure, the cause of your anxiety might still be present after meeting with your friends, but your spirit will be better at this point so facing the problem wouldn't be as bad.

Write It Out

Writing your emotions down is also a good way to handle stress not to mention it helps you narrow down exactly why you're feeling anxious. Try to keep a diary wherein you can write or type what you're feeling at the moment, how it manifests, and where do you think it stems from. The act of writing is often a way to purge these emotions plus you can easily review what you've written and have a better grasp of why you are feeling this way.

You will find more natural home remedies for reducing anxiety here.

You should also consider the source. For some people, anxiety can easily be connected with specific events such as work, an electric bill, and problems with the car or any other condition that needs fixing. In others however, the cause of anxiety is a little vague because although there doesn't seem to be any cause for concern, they still feel anxious. Take note of the following items because if you are taking or engaged in any one of them, this can be the cause of your anxiety: diet pills, heart disorder, diabetes, PMS, and hyperthyroidism. If unsure, consult the doctor as to your anxiety problems.

Of course, those are just few of the home remedies for anxiety. It's advisable that you try each and every one of them separately and see what works best for you. Only resort to professional help if none of the natural remedies you're using is providing the effects you want.

What To Check In For An Assisted Living Community In Scottsdale



As your loved ones grow older, they will depend more on those who love them to fulfill their needs even the basic ones. Even the simple motor functions like walking or standing up is a difficult task to perform. That is why finding the right assisted living Scottsdale is very important. Evaluating which of these communities will be best suited for your ageing loved one will depend on their needs and preferences. The decision making process is mostly done by the more able bodied loved ones with some help from the elderly person. There are things that one needs to check when choosing for the right assisted living community.

One of the first things a concerned loved one must check is whether the assisted living Scottsdale that their elderly are moving in is clean and tidy. Check for the general cleanliness of the compound. One can also look deeper and check for the tidiness of the corners, edges, and other less visible areas. One can inquire whether regular clean ups are conducted and how often. One must be highly critical of the bathroom since all the washing and tidying of the elderly will happen there. If any of these regions are dirty, it indicates negligence on the part of the maintenance personnel.

Check for the staffs competence and friendliness Your elderly loved ones deserve to live their final days in peace. The last thing that they need in an assisted living Scottsdale community is rude and unfriendly staff assisting them daily. One must check if the staff are courteous to their residents and give them respect. Know if they socialize with their residents or if they give them only the professional care required. One must also check for the competence of the staff when giving service and assistance. Inquire about their managerial skills and look if they handle their staff properly.

Check if the place is safe and secure To make the final decision that your aged loved ones should be in an assisted living Scottsdale community, make sure that they will live in a place that is safe and secure. Check if the nursing staff is always available when called in for help. Ask about how they chose their staff especially the medical personnel. Look for safety features in the community like handle bars and anti-slip features.

Once all of these factors are carefully checked and adhered to, moving your aged loved one to an assisted living Scottsdale is a wonderful decision for everyone.

Are You Sick And Tired Of Being Sick And Tired?

Do you go to bed tired only to wake up tired?

No matter what your doctor tells you to do, you hurt all the time. And those pills the doctor prescribed for you have done nothing to help.

Nobody wants to feel this way, yet many do despite the best of the medical care thay are offered. So what is up anyway.

Let me tell you about the Sickness Care Industry.

Consider for a moment what would happen to all the huge earnings of the pharmaceutical and food manufacturers if 80 pct of people simply quit needing their products. That's right, if people got healthy without the meds and processed foods, how would the world be different?

Consider the last time you sat down to watch the news or your favorite TV program. Chances are you saw more than one pharmaceutical company promoting a brand-new wonder drug (with not too many side effects) and all you needed to do was go ask your doctor if it was right for you.

Exactly what's wrong with this image? Big Pharm constantly asking us to see a doctor to purchase their products? The advertising works, yet many people at some point discover a lot of the medicines are designed to conceal or suppress the symptoms, do not cure anything. This produces a devastating cycle of great handfuls of pills for chronic disease with no end in sight.

It absolutely looks like these business design a number of the medicines to mask symptoms as well as therefore count on us acquiring an increasing number of their product over time, which makings them in Sickness Care Industry.

In all fairness, there are some miraculous drugs readily available today that provide incredible benefits to people needing important life altering illnesses. That little percentage of the ones who going through life saving procedures, dealing with major genetic disorders or fighting life threatening disease or injury. Modern drugs in this case can be life savers. But drugs are also responsible for injury, illness, and death on their own.

People don't want to be sick, but the current sickness care industry only makes more sick people. Western health care teaches us to find a pill based solution to migraines, allergies, tummy as well as digestive system distress, physical body discomfort, fatigue, arthritis, and thousands of other usual disorders. Here's a prescription, just take these miracle pills and all will be better, the signs and symptoms are unpreventable symptoms that impact a worried and also aging population, yet for over 80 percent of us, it's not always so.

It is well proved that the vast majority of chronic illness comes from the food we eat. Modern food is an illness delivery system.

Consider that processed food and Big Pharma provide the majority of advertising messages we and our kids see each day.

So how did we get in this shape?

So Just what Has Changed

At the beginning of the 20th century, dining out was a rarity. Most people ate meals cooked at home using locally sourced food. That food was of high quality, rich in key nutrients. As a result diabetes and heart disease was rare.

As the population shifted from rural to urban, the food environment also changed. Big Agriculture replace family farms. Big Government funded cheap, more abumdant but less nutritious food. As a result, today a fast food burger is cheaper than a salad. You can 500 calories for a dollar at fast food places.

Grains, sugar, and meat production is supported by price supports from the government, and it also funds the majority of food and nutrition research (along with Big Ag)

So who is left to tell you about food based illnesses?

FACT: Great nutrition is basic to health as well as wellness.

Actually, from my personal experience, my education and also the results of my countless clients, all have actually enhanced their health and also wellness via the aspects of a fresh food diet reduced in processed foods of any sort of kind.

Everybody could profit from nutrient dense food selections as well as premium nutritional supplements.

Health Does not Need to Be Complex, Difficult or Monotonous!

DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.

Brain Injury Claims Lawyers



In this day and age, we are beginning to learn a lot about brain injuries and the potentially detrimental affects that they can have on a person's life. Will Smith is starring in a movie called Concussion, professional sports leagues like the NFL are dealing with a number of lawsuits pertaining to brain injuries and scientists are continuously having breakthroughs in research regarding these injuries. With that in mind, you will need to understand the nature of such injuries and protect yourself in a court of law if you feel that you have suffered an injury and need legal recourse. Follow the tips below and hire a brain injury claims lawyer who can help you out.

What should I know about brain injuries?

First and foremost, don't think that you need to be a professional athlete to have a brain injury claim. For instance, did you know that more than 1.4 million people on an annual basis suffer some sort of brain injury? These numbers are staggering and further proof that brain injury claims lawyers are very much needed. Some examples of brain injuries you may have suffered include concussions, trauma from accidents and blunt force brain trauma.

The issue with brain injuries is that they are not always obvious. Signs and symptoms of concussions, acquired brain injuries and other problems can take days, weeks and years to even manifest. Because of this, you will need to be sure that you reach out to medical professionals who can help you out with a proper diagnosis and ongoing care. Not only can these medical professionals help you to heal, they can also provide you with court testimony and a monetary trail that helps you put together your case. These medical professionals will work hand in hand with your attorney, so that you are able to win your brain injury legal claim on your own terms.

What should I know about my legal case?

When you are attempting to assert that another party is responsible for your brain injuries, you will need to be sure that you are able to furnish proof that they are negligent. You'll need to prove that they did not take the necessary steps of preventing the incident from happening. Your attorney can help you prove the duty of care and can also substantiate the level of trauma that you experienced throughout the course of being injured.

How can I hire the right lawyer?

The best thing you can do is seek referrals from other people who have hired certain attorneys in your area. They will be able to sit down with you for a consultation, to go over the nature of your case, your medical history and more. These attorneys will be able to help you out and will charge you specific fees, so ask for an itemized breakdown of their rates and charges.

When you follow these pieces of advice, you will be able to get help for your brain injury legal case. Follow these tips and reach out to a lawyer.

The Progress and Pitfalls of Medical Marijuana

“Cannabis is like a medicine cabinet,” says Roger Pertwee, who was instrumental in some of the early cannabis trials for multiple sclerosis. “It has a lot of compounds in it that are novel and unique to cannabis. We have discovered 104 so far, but there are others. There are many potential uses that we have to investigate.”
Pertwee is Professor of Neuropharmacology at the University of Aberdeen and also GW’s Director of Pharmacology (some of his research at the university is funded by the company). His work, alongside that of other researchers including Raphael Mechoulam and Vincenzo Di Marzo, is instrumental in our understanding of the endocannabinoid system, a network of lipids and receptors involved in a wide array of bodily processes, including appetite, memory, pain and mood.
We have two types of cannabinoid receptor: CB1, which is mostly found in the brain and spinal cord, and CB2, which is found mainly on cells in the immune system. These receptors are activated by cannabinoids made by the body (endocannabinoids) as well as synthetic cannabinoids and those present in plants.
Where should medical research focus its efforts exploring medical cannabis? Many prominent researchers, including Pertwee, believe that the individual components of cannabis are more effective than using the whole plant. Focusing on components would also obviate the need for a patient to smoke.
Areas of interest to researchers across the world include the possible therapeutic use of THC (the main psychoactive component of cannabis), CBD and other cannabinoids to treat autoimmune diseases, diabetes, cancer, inflammation, seizures and even psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Cannabis for Cancer
At the medical school at St George’s, University of London, Dr Wai Liu and his team have shown that cannabinoids target the signalling pathways that are mutated in cancer cells, which, effectively, tell cells to keep growing. THC and CBD can turn these signals off, which may reverse the process of cancer in the cells. The compounds also enhance the action of radiotherapy.
But Liu, too, is skeptical of a whole-plant approach. “We have an amazing chance to use a drug derived from the cannabis plant which seems to be anti-cancerous. Let’s research it, and combine it with other cancer drugs. Let’s not waste time.
“If you truly believe that anti-cancer is the argument, don’t talk about cannabis any more, in the same way that we don’t talk about white willow any more because we have aspirin… We don’t need to be hijacked by other motives, like whether or not to legalize cannabis.”
The apparently encouraging results of this kind of work have led some patients to buy cannabis oil online, which is illegal in the UK. Liu is concerned that patients could be self-medicating with oil that could be contaminated. Another problem, he says, is that other chemicals within cannabis (minor cannabinoids) could actually counteract the beneficial effects of THC and CBD. He is now asking the many medical cannabis users who email him if he can collect their data, as a potential precursor to a full clinical trial. “We need to understand the drugs being sold on the internet,” he says.
These minor cannabinoids could be helpful too. Pertwee explains: “We were looking at the history of tincture of cannabis in the past. We found it contains tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)”. The researchers have since found that THCV blocks the CB1 receptor but partially activates the CB2 receptor. “This might be good for treating stroke and it might be good for drug dependence,” he says. Other potential uses are being investigated, including for Parkinson’s and schizophrenia.
Evidence for Medical Marijuana
But it’s still early days. While some cannabis enthusiasts see it as a panacea – especially appealing when so many conditions aren’t well treated by other drugs – as yet, evidence across the board just isn’t there.
In summer 2015, a review of the efficacy of medical cannabis for a number of conditions was published. Examining 28 databases, the authors found moderate evidence that medical cannabis may help with spasticity in multiple sclerosis and with neuropathic and chronic pain. But evidence for other conditions was weaker.
One major charity, Cancer Research UK, has faced a particularly prominent backlash after voicing caution about cannabis. Its Science Communications Manager, Dr Kat Arney, showed me her bulging folder of research papers about cannabis, embellished with a sticker of Bob Marley. “Cannabinoids are really interesting molecules with potential for human health,” she says. “I read the literature regularly. Nothing tells me that cannabis is a cure for cancer.”
This cautious stance has led to the charity getting flamed on social media. Arney wants case studies to be gathered, saying that the way cannabis in its whole-plant form is discussed by the online community, uncritically, as a cure-all is unhelpful. “At the moment it sounds like – for want of a better word – snake oil, and that’s how it is marketed.”
Legalization Patchwork
Canada, Uruguay, Israel and Jamaica are among the countries that have ruled cannabis legal for medical use. Alongside these sit 23 American states and the District of Columbia, five of which, at the time of writing, have gone as far as legalizing recreational use too.
But what do we mean by medical use? Steve Rolles, from the international think-tank Transform, which campaigns for the legal regulation of drugs globally, sets out some of the options: “Do we want a standardized herbal product like Bedrocan [from specially grown plants], or a tincture like Sativex, or a single-content pharmaceutical product… or a combination of products?
“Would we allow people to ‘grow their own’, as some jurisdictions do, or be provided by ‘compassion clubs’? Who would regulate this activity?”
The stated purpose of most of the American state laws is based on the Californian law: “to ensure that seriously ill Californians have the right to obtain and use marijuana for medical purposes where that medical use is deemed appropriate.” But there is conflict with federal law, under which cannabis is still illegal, and models vary widely across state lines. Alice O’Leary-Randall, one of the earliest American pioneers in the medical cannabis field, says this variation has scattered the movement and dubs it “medical cannabis by zip code.”
Most of these states require the patient to have some form of license to acquire medical cannabis but not all require state residency. Although almost all states have a list of conditions that qualify for medical cannabis, these differ, with some states permitting it for chronic conditions and others only for specified illnesses such as cancer.
Data collected in some states suggests that many medical users receive cannabis for chronic or severe pain, a catch-all, rather than for the conditions on which the first activists campaigned: glaucoma, AIDS, cancer and multiple sclerosis. Certified users in Arizona, for example, are mostly young and male and use the drug for pain relief.
From Medical to Recreational
This, opponents argue, is evidence that medical cannabis has become a first step on the road to recreational legalization, rather than an end in itself. Kevin Sabet, who advised the Obama administration on drug policy, now works as a consultant with Smart Approaches to Marijuana, an organization that opposes legalization. “In the US we are seeing that medical cannabis is being misused to legitimize recreational use,” he says.
“We know that the political movement on medical marijuana is tied to legalization… they have rebranded cannabis, from being about 30-year-old stoners to medical use.” Successfully, too: a 2013 Fox News poll found that 85 percent of Americans – and 80 percent of self-identified Republicans – approve of the medical use of cannabis if prescribed by a medical doctor. But you don’t even need a doctor in some states, as homeopaths and naturopaths can issue licenses.
The amount of cannabis allowed varies. Some states allow patients to grow their own. Others have restrictive medical cannabis agreements, allowing only high-CBD strains (for particular conditions such as epilepsy) – so restrictive, in fact, that patients argue that they are unworkable. The Drug Enforcement Administration has also raided cannabis dispensaries countrywide, saying that they are not just serving medical users.
“There are serious impediments to medical cannabis use within our healthcare system,” O’Leary-Randall says. “There is no consistent education of our healthcare professionals around using medical cannabis, or the endocannabinoid system.” She sits on the board of the American Cannabis Nurses’ Association, which was set up formally in 2012 to give nurses advice on how to assist patients and dispense safely, without violating federal law or their license.
Pharmacists, too, walk a tightrope. Nearly 20 years after the legalization of medical cannabis, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (an official body for the profession) encourages research into, but not distribution of, medical cannabis, so qualified pharmacists have historically been unwilling to get involved. Recent discussions by the body, however, suggest a softening of attitude towards medical cannabis. A new body, the National Association of Cannabis Pharmacy, was launched last year.
O’Leary-Randall wants more qualified pharmacists to be involved in dispensing cannabis, though she acknowledges the difficulties: “Cannabis is so unique… It’s rather daunting for elderly people to go into a dispensary and look at names like Purple Haze and Skunk Weed and pick out what is their medicine. I would love to see pharmacists more active in this so we can standardize this and get people more comfortable.”